Lessons on the Basics of Color for the beginners

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Water color by Anisur Rahman

For a beginner in painting it is not advisable to play with multiple colors at the same time, rather a novice painter may start learning painting with just three colors instead of so many colors together. Only the shades may vary from one painter to another one. Indian yellow, ultramarine blue and naphtha red are sufficient for a beginner to start play with painting.

 There are some colors which are called as “secondary colors”, like green, orange and purple are made by combination of primary colors. By mixing a secondary color with a primary color, we can produce “Tertiary colors”. We can make other colors by adding a bit of white pigments (this method is known as tinting) or adding up a bit of black pigments (this process is called shading).

 It helps to realize the expressions used in discussing color when you start to gain knowledge of painting. Hue refers to the random name which is given to certain colors on the color wheel, for example, orange, red, blue-green, mauve, etc. Value refers to the degree of darkness or lightness in a color. By tinting or shading the hue this can be balanced. Saturation or chrome is the measurement of purity of the color is contrasted to its corollary on the color wheel. If a color is very similar to as it become visible on the color wheel, it is then said to be as high chrome. Less chrome or saturation is observed in colors when they are created by mixing of two colors. This happens as we can see color as light that is replicated off a toned plane. When we observe green paint, we are seeing pigment that absorbs all the other colors in light except green only. (White light is special having all the colors of the spectrum in it). Each color absorbs its own share of light when two pigments are combined. So that the resultant mix is lighter than either of the two mixing colors would be single. The more your blending is, the less saturated the color will be. This is often a wise thing–colors in a straight line out of the pipe usually allow us to have a painting look abnormal and dazzling.

History of Painting


Actually the word “Painting” is more related to mind than to mouth. We write something about which we want to say or talk about. But we paint which we have in our mind. In another word, it can be said that, speaking, talking, writing these all are a form of oral expression. Whereas painting is the expression of mind. The history of human being and the history of painting have started almost at the same age. This is very practical as by nature human have more or less emotions. So, started from the history of human being, people have started painting. The differences between the ancient times through modern age are the way of painting and tools of painting.
However, though once upon a time people used to sketch for their mind satisfaction only. But later on painting has started to come in front of the society as a talent. The paintings which are at the Grotte Chauvet in France are considered to be oldest one. As per some historians, those are of about 32,000 years old.
Until the early 20th century, the theme of paintings was mostly on religious views, representative and traditional pattern, after which the artist have started finding their interest mostly on purely abstract and conceptual paintings.
The reformation period of painting can be classified into the below categories:
Renaissance (1300 AD -1500 AD)
Renaissance to Neoclassicism (1501 AD -1780AD)
Romanticism (1790 AD – 1820 AD)
Romanticism to Modern Art (1803 AD – 1854 AD)
Modern Art (1854 AD – 1945 AD)
Contemporary Art (1946 AD – Present)